As Chapter 33 ended, Jacob bought a parcel of land and settled near the city of Shechem.
Dinah, the daughter of Leah and Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
Remember from Chapter 29 and 30, Jacob had seven children with Leah, six sons and one daughter. The daughter was Dinah. The sons were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun.
For a young girl to go unescorted would not be appropriate, Dinah must have sneaked away. God has a hedge of protection around his children, but sometimes we choose to climb through the hedge into unprotected areas.
In Job 1:10,
Satan: Haven’t you made an hedge about him Job and about his house and about all that he has on every side?
When Shechem, the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw Dinah, he took her and lay with her and defiled her.
His soul clave to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel and spoke kindly to her. He took her to his house.
Shechem (to his father Hamor): Get me this damsel for my wife.
Jacob heard that Shechem had defiled Dinah his daughter. His sons were with his cattle in the field, and Jacob held his peace until they came in from the field..
Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to commune with him.
Jacob’s sons came out of the field. When they heard what had happened, the men were grieved and very angry, because Shechem had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter; which ought not to be done.
Hamor communed with them.
Hamor: The soul of my son Shechem longs for your daughter. Give her to him as a wife. Make marriages with us: give your daughters to us and take our daughters to you. You shall dwell with us: and the land shall be before you; dwell and trade therein, and get possessions therein.
Shechem (to Jacob and her brothers): Let me find grace in your eyes, and whatever you say to me I will give. Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as you shall say to me: but give me the damsel for my wife.
The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully.
Why did they answer deceitfully?
The sons of Jacob: Because he defiled Dinah our sister.
The sons of Jacob (to Shechem an Hamor): We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that would be a reproach to us. But in this will we consent to you: If you will be as we are, that every male of you be circumcised; Then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. But if you will not be circumcised; then we will take our daughter, and we will be gone.
Their words pleased Hamor and Shechem his son.
The young man did not delay to do the thing, because he had delight in Jacob’s daughter and he was more honorable than all the house of his father.
Hamor and Shechem came to the gate of their city, and communed with the men of their city.
Hamor and Shechem: These men are peaceable with us; therefore let them dwell in the land, and trade here; for the land is large enough for them. Let us take their daughters to us for wives, and let us give them our daughters. On these terms only will the men consent to dwell with us, to be one people, if every male among us is circumcised, as they are circumcised. Shall not their cattle and their substance and every beast of theirs be ours? Let us consent to them, and they will dwell with us.
Hamor and Shechem were not interested in serving God. They saw this alliance as a good economic move. Jacob was very wealthy and possessed many flocks and herds. It would be good to buy of his goods and sell to him.
All those who went out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor and to Shechem. And every male of the city was circumcised.
On the third day, when they were sore, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, took their swords, and came into the city boldly, and killed all the males. They killed Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem’s house, and went out.
The other sons of Jacob came upon the slain and plundered the city, because Shechem had defiled their sister. They took their sheep, and their oxen, and their donkeys, and all that which was in the city, and all that which was in the field, and all their wealth. All their little ones, and their wives they took captive, and plundered even all that was in the house.
Jacob (to Simeon and Levi): You have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and kill me; and I shall be destroyed, I and all those in my house.
Simeon and Levi: Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?
We never hear anything else about Dinah, except that she was among those of Jacob’s house who traveled into Egypt to reunite with Joseph.
And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him. He brought his sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed he brought with him into Egypt.
15] …with his daughter Dinah…
27] …all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were seventy..
The line of Christ is through Judah, the fourth son of Jacob. Simeon and Levi were passed over because of violence. We will soon read of Reuben’s sin.
Jacob blessed his sons in Genesis 49.
Jacob: Simeon and Levi are brothers;
Instruments of cruelty are in their dwelling place.
Let not my soul enter their council;
Let not my honor be united to their assembly;
For in their anger they slew a man,
And in their self-will they hamstrung an ox.
Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
And their wrath, for it is cruel!
I will divide them in Jacob
And scatter them in Israel. (vs 5-7 NKJV))
One other lesson that can be discerned from this passage is a message to parents. Jacob settled his family near the temptations of a pagan city. His daughter was tempted to go out and see the women of the city.
The lesson: The decisions of the parent usually affect their children.
Do you expose your child to bad language or violence (even on TV)? Alcohol, drugs, abuse? All of these will affect your child. You are probably careful to make wise decisions about how to raise your children. But sometimes we don’t realize the negative influences we allow into the lives of our children. That’s why we should make all our decisions with much prayer.