Abraham Tested (vs 1-19)
After these things, God tested Abraham.
Abraham: Behold, here I am.
God: Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains of which I will tell you.
Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and chopped the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.
On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place afar off.
Abraham (to his young men): Abide here with the donkey; I and the lad will go yonder and worship and come again to you.
Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.
Notice Isaac is strong enough to carry the wood.
Isaac (to Abraham his father): My father
Abraham: Here am I, my son.
Isaac: Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?
Abraham: My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering.
They went both of them together.
They came to the place of which God had told Abraham. Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
Isaac was willing to submit to the will of his father.
Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.
The angel of the Lord called to Abraham out of heaven.
The angel: Abraham, Abraham.
Abraham: Here am I.
The angel: Do not lay your hand upon the lad, neither do any thing to him: for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son from me.
Abraham looked up and behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns. And Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering instead of his son.
Why was the ram caught by his horns? To be an acceptable sacrifice, the ram could have no bones broken and without blemish (no injuries).
Abraham called the name of that place Jehovah–jireh: as it is said to this day, in the mount of the Lord it shall be seen.
The angel of the Lord called to Abraham out of heaven the second time.
The angel: By myself have I sworn, says the Lord, for because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son: that in blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying I will multiply your seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and your seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. And in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because you have obeyed my voice.
So Abraham returned to his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beer–sheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beer–sheba.
By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac. He who had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall your seed be called: Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead, Abraham received him from the dead in a figurative sense. (Hebrews 11:17-19)
Mount Moriah later became Jerusalem. The testing of Abraham may have taken place in the exact spot where Jesus, the beloved son, was willingly offered on the cross. Jesus may have walked in the same steps that Abraham and Isaac had walked hundreds of years earlier.
Isaac is a picture of Jesus: the beloved son of the father, willing to be offered as a sacrifice.
Tells us that Abraham received news of his brother Nahor and learned of his children. Bethuel, one of Nahor’s twelve sons, was the father of Rebekah.