Genesis 19 has three parts:
The Two Angels Visit Lot (vs 1-11)
Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed (vs 12-29)
Lot’s Daughters (vs 30-38)
Lot Welcomes Two Visitors (vs 1-11)
The two angels came to Sodom at evening; and Lot invited them to stay the night in his house. He fed them. Before they lay down for the night, the men of Sodom, both young and old, surrounded the house. They demanded that the two visitors be delivered to them, that they might “know” them.
Lot went out to entreat them not to do this wickedness. He even offered his virgin daughters, but these men were not interested in women.
The crowd pressed upon Lot, and the angels put forth their hand and pulled Lot into the house and shut to the door.
And they smote the men of Sodom with blindness, so that they grew tired of trying to find the door.
Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed (vs 12-29)
The angels (to Lot): Do you have any here besides? Son in law, and sons, and daughters, and anyone you have in the city, bring them out of this place, because we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is great before the face of the Lord; and the Lord has sent us to destroy it.
Lot went out, and spoke to his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get out of this place; for the Lord will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked to his sons in law.
When the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot.
The angels: Arise, take your wife, and your two daughters, which are here; lest you be consumed in the iniquity of the city.
While Lot lingered, the men laid hold on his hand, and the hand of his wife, and the hand of his two daughters; the Lord being merciful to him: and they brought him forth, and set him outside the city.
One of the men: Escape for your life; do not look behind you, nor stay in all the plain. Escape to the mountain, lest you be consumed.
Lot: Oh, not so, my Lord. I have found grace in your sight, and you have magnified your mercy, which you have shown to me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die: Let me escape to this little city which is near and my soul shall live.
The angel: I have accepted you concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which you have spoken. Hurry, escape there; for I cannot do any thing till you are come there.
Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.
Then the Lord rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah from the Lord out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew on the ground.
But Lot’s wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.
Why did Lot’s wife look back? I always thought it was because of the stuff she left behind. I recently noticed that the angels mentioned sons. They also mentioned sons-in-law. (vs 12) And Lot went to warn the sons-in-law. (vs 15) Some Bible versions interpret sons-in-law to mean those promised to his daughters. (ESV, NIV) Other versions interpret it as men who are married to other daughters. (NKJV) Lot’s wife may have looked back because she had other children in the city.
Abraham got up early in the morning and went to the place where he stood before the Lord. And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah and toward all the land of the plain, and the smoke of the country went up like the smoke of a furnace.
And when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in which Lot dwelt.
Lot and His Daughters (vs 30-38)
Lot left the city of Zoar and took his two daughters with him, because he feared to dwell in Zoar. Lot dwelt in the mountain in a cave with his two daughters.
The older daughter (to the younger): Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth. Let’s make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, so that we may preserve seed of our father.
They made their father drink wine that night. The older daughter went in to her father and lay with Lot did not know when she lay down nor when she arose.
The next day:
The older daughter (to the younger): Behold, I lay yesternight with my father. Let’s make him drink wine this night also. You go in and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
They made their father drink wine that night also. The younger arose, and lay with him. Lot did not know when she lay down nor when she arose.
So both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father.
The firstborn bare a son and called his name Moab, the same is the father of the Moabites.
The younger also bare a son, and called his name Ben–ammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon. (The Ammonites)
Lot’s daughters may have had good intentions (to preserve the seed of their father –vs 34). But we can see the results of their actions. They raised up enemies of God’s people.