Genesis 2 starts with Day 7 of creation.The heavens and the earth were finished and all the hosts of them. God then ended his work; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work. (vs 1-2)
“God rested.” Did God need to rest? Was He tired? Isaiah 40:28 says, Don’t you know? Haven’t you heard that the everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth does no faint nor grow weary…
God didn’t need to rest. He rested as an example for us. Man needs to rest. If you work, work, work or play, play, play without resting, you will wear out. God knew that man needed to rest.
God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it because He had rested from His work that He had created and made. (vs 3)
The word “Sabbath” is not used for this day of rest here in Genesis 2. We learn the term Sabbath when Moses is instructing the Israelites about gathering manna in Exodus 16:23-30. Moses explained that there would be no manna to gather on the day of rest, the sabbath, so the Israelites would need to gather and prepare double on the sixth day.
Then God uses the term sabbath again when he gave the Ten Commandments.
#3 of the 10 commandments says, Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the 7th day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son, your daughter, your servants, your cattle, nor the stranger who is within your gates. Because in six days, the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. (Exodus 20:8-11)
Our calendar is made up of days, weeks, months and years.
– Our day is based on the rotation of the earth. It takes 24 hours for the earth to completely turn.
– Our month is based on the revolution of the moon around the earth.
– Our year is based on the revolution of the earth around the sun.
– Our week – There is no physical reason for the week. It is based solely on the seven days of creation.