Exodus Encounters

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Genesis 50

Joseph Died 

When Jacob died, Joseph fell on his father’s face, wept on him and kissed him.

Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father, and the physicians embalmed Israel.

The embalming process took forty days. The Egyptians mourned for him seventy days. And when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spoke to the house of Pharaoh.

Joseph (to the household of Pharaoh): If I have found grace in your eyes, I beg you, speak in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, My father made me swear, saying, I die. You shall bury me in my grave which I have dug for me in the land of Canaan. Now therefore let me go up and bury my father, and I will come again.

Pharaoh: Go up, and bury your father, according as he made you swear.

Joseph went up to bury his father, and all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, and all the house of Joseph, and his brothers, and his father’s house went up with him. Only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen. And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen: and it was a very great company. And they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation: and Joseph made a mourning for his father seven days.

When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, This is a grievous mourning of the Egyptians: therefore the name of it was called Abelmizraim, which is beyond Jordan.

Jacob’s sons did to him according as he commanded them. For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a burying place of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre.

After he had buried his father, Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brothers, and all that went up with him to bury his father.

When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they conferred one to another.

Joseph’s brothers (to each other): Joseph will perhaps hate us, and will certainly repay us all the evil which we did to him.

And they sent a messenger to Joseph.

The message: Your father did command before he died, saying, So shall you say to Joseph, Forgive, I pray, the trespass of your brothers, and their sin. They did evil to you: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of your father.

Did Jacob really say this? Probably not. The brothers were just afraid that Joseph would seek revenge after their father died.

Joseph wept when they spoke to him.

His brethren also went and fell down before his face.

His brothers: We are your servants.

Joseph: Do not fear not. Am I in the place of God? You thought evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save the lives of many people. Now therefore do not fear. I will nourish you and your little ones.

And Joseph comforted his brothers and spoke kindly to them.

Joseph and his father’s house dwelt in Egypt.

Joseph lived a hundred and ten years. He saw Ephraim’s children to the third generation. The children of Machir the son of Manasseh were also brought up on Joseph’s knees.

Joseph (to his brothers) I die, and God will surely visit you and bring you out of this land to the land which he swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.

And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel.

The oath: God will surely visit you, and you shall carry my bones up from here.

So Joseph died, being a hundred and ten years old. They embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.

Genesis 49

Jacob’s Death 

Jacob called to his sons. 

Jacob spoke to his sons:

Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days. Gather yourselves together, and hear, sons of Jacob; and listen to Israel your father.

Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power. You are unstable as water. You shall not excel, because you went up to your father’s bed and defiled it. You went up to my couch.

After Rachel died, Israel journeyed. While he was away “Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his father’s concubine, and Israel heard it.” (Genesis 35:22)

Simeon and Levi are brothers. Instruments of cruelty are in their habitations. O my soul, come not into their secret. My honor, be not united to their assembly. In their anger they killed a man, and in their self-will, they “digged down a wall.” (Other translations say, hamstrung an ox) Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce. Cursed be their wrath, for it was cruel. I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.

Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise. Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies. Your father’s children shall bow down before you. Judah is a lion’s cub. My son, you are gone up from the prey. He stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?

The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and to him shall the people be gathered.

This is the prophecy of the Messiah. The Christ will come from the line of Judah.

Binding his foal to the vine, and his ass’s colt to the choice vine, he washed his garments in wine and his clothes in the blood of grapes. His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.

Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea, and he shall be a haven of ships. His border shall be to Zidon.

Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens. He saw that rest was good and the land was pleasant, and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant to tribute.

Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that bites the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. I have waited for your salvation, O Lord.

Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.

Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.

Naphtali is a hind let loose: he gives goodly words.

Joseph is a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall. The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him. But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from there is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:) Even by the God of your father, who shall help you; and by the Almighty, who shall bless you with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lie under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb. The blessings of your father have prevailed above the blessings of my ancestors to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. They shall be on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brothers.

Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf. In the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.

All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that which their father spoke to them, and blessed them. Every one according to his blessing, he blessed them. And he charged them.

I am to be gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a burying place. (Genesis 23)

There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah, the purchase of the field and of the cave that is in the field was from the children of Heth.

And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, yielded up the ghost and was gathered to his people.

Genesis 48

This chapter explains something I had not fully grasped. Why are Manasseh and Ephraim listed in the tribes of Israel?

After these things, one told Joseph, Your father is sick.

After what things? Joseph had promised not to bury his father in Egypt but to bury him with his fathers. Remember the cave Abraham bought as a bury place for Sarah in Genesis 23.

…the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace. There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah.(Jacob speaking in Genesis 49:30-31)

Joseph went to see his father and took his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim, with him.

One told Jacob, Your son Joseph comes to you.

Israel strengthened himself and sat upon the bed.

Jacob (to Joseph): God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me. He said to me, Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people and will give this land to your seed after you for an everlasting possession. Now your two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. And your issue, which you beget after them, shall be yours, and shall be called after the name of their brothers in their inheritance. As for me, when I came from Paddan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was yet but a little way from Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; the same is Bethlehem.

Jacob made Joseph’s children his own, just as Reuben and Simeon are his own. He adopted them.

  •  In Numbers 1, Moses take a census of the men of fighting age in each tribe of Israel. Manasseh and Ephraim is counted among the tribes of Israel.  
  •  Manasseh and Ephraim are given portions of the promised land along with the other sons of Israel. (Joshua 13-14) The children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim. (Joshua 14:14)
  •  In Numbers 2, Moses arranges the camp by tribes. The tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim are listed. 
  •  When the 144,000 are sealed in Revelation 7, twelve thousand from each of the tribes of Israel are sealed. The tribes of Manasseh and Joseph are listed among them. 

Israel looked at Joseph’s sons.

Israel: Who are these?

Joseph (to his father): They are my sons, whom God has given me in this place.

Israel: Bring them to me, and I will bless them.

Israel’s eyes were dim from age, so that he could not see. Joseph brought his sons near to Jacob. Jacob kissed Manasseh and Ephraim and embraced them.

Israel (to Joseph): I did not think I would see your face, and God has shown me your children also.

Joseph brought them out from between his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth. And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and

Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near to Israel. Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands knowingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn.

Joseph positioned his boys so that Manasseh, the oldest, was at Israel’s (Jacob’s) right hand. Being at the right hand is a place of honor. The older son should have that placement and receive the greater blessing. But Israel purposely placed his right hand on the younger son, Ephraim.

And Israel blessed Joseph.

Israel: God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God which fed me all my life long to this day, the Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.

When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him. He held up his father’s hand, to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head.

Joseph (to his father): Not so, my father: for this is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.

His father refused.

Israel: I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.

He blessed them that day.

Israel: In you shall Israel bless, saying, God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh.

And he set Ephraim before Manasseh.

Israel (to Joseph): I will die soon, but God shall be with you and bring you again to the land of your fathers. Moreover I have given to you one portion above your brothers, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.

Joseph received a double portion from his father.

Genesis 47

The Famine Continued 
Joseph (to Pharaoh): My father and my brothers, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan. They are in the land of Goshen.

Joseph took five of his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh.

Pharaoh (to Joseph’s brothers): What is your occupation?

The brothers: Your servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers. We are come to stay temporarily in the land, because we have no pasture for their flocks, because the famine is sore in the land of Canaan. Therefore, we beg you, let us dwell in the land of Goshen.

Pharaoh (to Joseph): Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is before you. Let your father and brothers dwell in the best of the land. Let them dwell in the land of Goshen. And if you know any able men among them, make them rulers over my cattle.

Joseph brought in Jacob his father and set him before Pharaoh. And Jacob blessed Pharaoh.

Pharaoh (to Jacob): How old are you?

Jacob (to Pharaoh): The days of the years of my pilgrimage are a hundred and thirty years. Few and evil have the days of the years of my life been. And I have not attained the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.

Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from before him.

Joseph placed his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. And Joseph nourished his father and his brothers and all his father’s household with bread, according to their families.

There was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan for the corn which they bought. And Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.

And when money failed in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph.

The people: Give us bread. Why should we die in your presence? We have no more money to buy corn.

Joseph: Give your cattle and I will give you corn in exchange for your cattle, if you have no money.   

They brought their cattle to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses and for the flocks and for the cattle of the herds and for the donkeys. He fed them with bread in exchange for all their cattle for that year.

When that year was ended, they came to him the second year.

The people: We will not hide the truth from my lord. Our money is spent, and my lord also has our herds of cattle. There is nothing left in the sight of my lord, except our bodies and our lands. Wherefore shall we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for bread. We and our land will be servants to Pharaoh. Give us seed, that we may live and not die, that the land will not be desolate.

Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. Every Egyptians sold his field, because the famine prevailed over them. So the land became Pharaoh’s. The only land that Joseph did not buy was the land of the priests; because the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and they ate their portion of corn which Pharaoh gave them: therefore they did not need to sell their lands.

As for the people, Joseph moved them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end of the borders.

Joseph (to the people): This day I have bought you and your land for Pharaoh. Here is seed for you. You shall sow the land. In the time of harvest, four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones. You shall give the fifth part to Pharaoh.

The people: You have saved our lives. Let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.

Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt to this day that Pharaoh should have the fifth part, except of the land of the priests only, which did not become Pharaoh’s.

Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions there, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly. Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was a hundred forty-seven years.

The time drew near that Israel must die, and he called his son Joseph.

Jacob (to Joseph): If I have found grace in your sight, put your hand under my thigh and deal kindly and truly with me; do not bury me in Egypt. Instead I will lie with my fathers, and you shall carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their burying place.

Joseph: I will do as you have said.

Jacob: Swear to me.

And Joseph swore to him.

And Israel bowed himself on the bed’s head.

Genesis 46

Seventy Souls

Israel took his journey with all that he had and came to Beersheba and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. And God spoke to Israel in the visions of the night.

God: Jacob, Jacob.

Jacob: I am here.

God: I am God, the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down into Egypt, because I will make a great nation of you there. I will go down with you into Egypt, and I will surely bring you up again. And Joseph shall put his hand on your eyes when you die.

Jacob left Beersheba, and his sons him and their little ones and their wives in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. They took their cattle, and their belongings, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt. Jacob, and all his seed with him came into Egypt? He brought his sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed with him into Egypt.

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These are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt:

Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn.

And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.

And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.

And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.

And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.

And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.

These be the sons of Leah, which she bore to Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.

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And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.

And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister:

and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel.

These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bore to Jacob, even sixteen souls.

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The sons of Rachel Jacob’s wife; Joseph, and Benjamin.

And to Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bore to him.

And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.

These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.

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And the sons of Dan; Hushim.

And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.

These are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and she bore these to Jacob: all the souls were seven.

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All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were sixty-six; And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were seventy.

Jacob sent Judah before him to Joseph, so he could direct them to Goshen. And they came into the land of Goshen.

Joseph made ready his chariot and went up to Goshen to meet Israel his father and presented himself to him. Joseph embraced his father around his neck and wept on his neck a good while.

Israel (to Joseph): Now let me die, since I have seen your face, because you are still alive.

Joseph (to his brothers and to his father’s house): I will go up and show Pharaoh, and say to him, My brothers and my father’s house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come to me. And the men are shepherds, for their trade has been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. When Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That you shall say, Our trade has been about livestock from our youth until now, both we and also our fathers: that you may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.

__________________

Comments:

The number of people that came with Jacob to Egypt was sixty- six. All the people of Jacob’s house who were in Egypt would include Joseph, his two sons and Jacob himself. With these included, the total number is seventy souls.

Notice: 

  • Benjamin is not a young boy at this time. He is a grown man with ten sons.
  • None of Jacob’s wives are with them. They probably have all died.
  • Dinah is still in her father’s house. Since she was not a virgin, she was probably not suitable for marriage. (Genesis 34)

Genesis 45

Joseph’s Identity Revealed 
Joseph could not refrain himself in front of all them that stood by him, and he cried out.

Joseph: Everyone, go out from me.

There stood no man with him while Joseph made himself known to his brethren.

Joseph wept aloud, and the Egyptians and the housep of Pharaoh heard.

Joseph (to his brothers): I am Joseph; does my father still live?

His brothers could not answer him, because they were troubled at his presence.

Joseph: Come near me.

And they came near.

Joseph: I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. Don’t be grieved or angry with yourselves, that you sold me here: for God sent me before you to preserve life. For these two years the famine has been in the land: and there are yet more five years, in which there shall neither be earing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. So now it was not you that sent me here, but God: and he has made me a father to Pharaoh and lord of all his house and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. Go quickly up to my father, and say to him, Your son Joseph says, God has made me lord of all Egypt: come down to me and do not delay. You will dwell in the land of Goshen, and you will be near me, you, and your children, and your children’s children, and your flocks, and your herds, and all that you have. And I will I nourish you there, for there are five more years of famine; lest you and your household, and all that you have come to poverty. Your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speaks to you. You shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that you have seen; and you shall make haste and bring my father down here.

 
Then Joseph embraced his brother Benjamin around his neck and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck. Joseph kissed all his brothers and wept on them. After that his brothers talked with him.  

The fame of it was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, Joseph’s brothers are come. And it pleased Pharaoh and his servants.

Pharaoh (to Joseph): Say to your brothers, Do this; load your animals and go to the land of Canaan. Take your father and your households and come to me, and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and you shall eat the fat of the land. You are commanded to do this. Take wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father and come. Don’t consider your belongings, because all that is good in all the land of Egypt is yours.

The children of Israel did as Pharaoh commanded. Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. He gave each man changes of clothes, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of clothes.

He sent to his father: ten donkeys laden with the good things of Egypt and ten female donkeys loaded with corn and bread and meat for his journey.

So Joseph sent his brothers away.

Joseph (to his brother): Do not quarrel on your journey.

The brothers went up out of Egypt and came into the land of Canaan.

The brothers (to Jacob their father): Joseph is still alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt.

Jacob’s heart fainted, because he did not believe them.

The brothers told Jacob all that Joseph had said. And when Jacob saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, his spirit revived.

Israel (Jacob): It is enough. Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.

Genesis 44

Joseph’s Cup

Joseph’s brothers had come to Egypt to buy corn a second time, this time bringing Benjamin with them.

Joseph (to the steward of his house): Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each one’s money in the mouth of his sack, and put my silver cup in the mouth of the youngest’s sack with his corn money.

The steward did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.

As soon as the morning was light, the men and their asses were sent away. They were gone out of the city and were not yet far off.

Joseph (to his steward): Follow after the men; and when you overtake them, say to them, Why have you rewarded evil for good? Is this not the cup from which my lord drinks, and by which he divines? You have done evil in doing this.

The steward overtook them, and he spoke to them these same words.

And they said unto him, Why did my lord say these words? God forbid that your servants should do according to this thing. The money, which we found in the mouths o four sacks, we brought again to you out of the land of Canaan. how then should we steal out of thy lord’s house silver or gold? With whomever of your servants the cup is found, let him die, and we also will be my lord’s bondmen.

The steward: Let it be according to your words. He with whom the cup is found shall be my servant, and you shall be blameless.

Each man quickly lifted his sack, placed it on the ground and opened it. The steward searched, beginning at the eldest and ending with the youngest, and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack. Then the brothers rent their clothes (as a sign of deep sorrow and great distress). Each man loaded his ass and returned to the city.

Judah and his brethren came to Joseph’s house, for he was still there; and they fell before him on the ground.

Joseph: What deed is this that you have done? Don’t you know that such a man as I can certainly divine?

Judah: What shall we say? How shall we clear ourselves? God has found out the iniquity of your servants. We are your servants, both we and he also with whom the cup is found.

Joseph: God forbid that I should do so; but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant. As for you, go in peace to your father

Judah came near to him.

Judah: Oh my lord, let me speak a word in your ears? Let not your anger burn against me, for you are even as Pharaoh. My lord asked his servants, saying, Do you have a father or a brother? And we said, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loves him. And you said to us , Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him. And we said, The lad cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, his father would die. And you said, Except your youngest brother come down with you, you shall not see my face. And it came to pass when we came up to your servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. And our father said, Go again and buy us a little food. And we said, We cannot go down. If our youngest brother is with us, then will we go down: for we can not see the man’s face, unless our youngest brother is with us. And your servant my father said to us, You know that my wife bore me two sons. The one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I have not seen him since. If you take this son also from me and mischief befall him, you shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. Now therefore when I come to my father, and the lad is not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad’s life, when he sees that the lad is not with us, he will die, and we shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave. I became surety for the lad to my father, saying, If I don’t bring him back to you, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever. Now therefore, I beg you, let me stay instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brothers. For how shall I go up to my father without the lad? Lest perhaps I see the evil that shall come on my father.

Genesis 43

Benjamin Goes to Egypt 

The famine was sore in the land. Jacob and his sons and their families had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt.

Jacob (to his sons): Go again and buy us a little food in Egypt.

Judah: The man in Egypt solemnly warned us, saying, You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you. If you will send Benjamin with us, we will go down and buy food. But if you will not send him, we will not go down to Egypt: for the man said to us, You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.

Israel (Jacob): Why have you dealt so ill with me, as to tell the man in Egypt that you had yet another brother?

Israel’s sons: The man asked us directly of our state and of our kindred, saying, Is your father still alive? have you another brother? We told him according to the tenor of these words. Could we know that he would say, Bring your brother down?

Judah: Send the lad with me, and we will go; that we may live and not die, both we, and you, and also our little ones. I will be surety for him. Of my hand shall you require him. If I do not bring him to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame for ever. If we had not lingered, surely by now we would have returned a second time.

Israel: If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds: And take double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry it back in your hand; for perhaps it was an oversight. Take also your brother Benjamin and go again to the man. God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your brother Simeon and Benjamin. If I am bereaved of my children, I am truly bereaved.

The brothers took the presents their father suggested, double money and Benjamin. They went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

Joseph saw Benjamin with them.

Joseph (to the ruler of his house): Bring these men home. Slay and make the meat ready because these men shall dine with me at noon.

The ruler of Joseph’s house did as he instructed and brought the men into Joseph’s house. The men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph’s house.

The brothers (to themselves): We are brought to this place because of the money that was returned in our sacks the first time. He seeks occasion against us to take us for bondmen and our donkeys. They came near to the steward of Joseph’s house, and they communed with him at the door of the house. 

Joseph’s brothers: Sir, we came down the first time to buy food. After we left, we came to the inn, we opened our sacks, and every man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight. We have brought it again in our hand and other money to buy food. We don’t know who put our money in our sacks.

The steward: Peace be to you, fear not. Your God and the God of your father has put treasure in your sacks: I have your money.

The steward brought Simeon out to them, then he took all of them into Joseph’s house and gave them water to wash their feet and provender for their animals.

They got their present ready for Joseph, who would come at noon: for they heard that they would eat bread there. When Joseph came home, they brought him the present into the house and bowed themselves to the earth before him.  

Joseph: Is your father well, the old man of whom you spoke? Is he yet alive?

His brothers: Our father is in good health, he is still alive.

And they bowed down their head and then bowed themselves to the earth before him..

Joseph looked up and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son.

Joseph: Is this your younger brother, of whom you spoke?

Joseph (to Benjamin): God be gracious to you, my son.

Joseph yearned for his brother and hastily sought for a place to weep. He entered into his chamber and wept there. Then he washed his face and went out and refrained himself.

Joseph: Set out bread.

The servants set out a place for Joseph by himself, and places for his brothers by themselves, and for the Egyptians, who ate with him, by themselves.

The Egyptians did not eat with the Hebrews, because it was an abomination to the Egyptians. Every shepherd was an abomination to the Egyptians. (Genesis 46:34)

The servants seated his brothers before him, from the firstborn according to his birthright to the youngest according to his youth. The brothers marveled one to another.

Joseph sent food to them from the table before him. Benjamin was served five times so much as any of the others.

They drank and were merry with him.

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